Limited efficacy of thalidomide in the treatment of febrile attacks of the hyper-IgD and periodic fever syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
SourceJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 298, 3, (2001), pp. 1221-1226
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
SubjectThe role of cytokines in the pathophysiology of febrile illnesses and in host defense against infections; Metabolic aspects of gastrointestinal diseases; De rol van cytokinen in de pathofysiologie van koortsende ziekten en in de afweer tegen infecties; Metabole aspecten van maag-, darm- en leveraandoeningen
Hyper-IgD and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder featured by recurrent febrile attacks. Previous unpublished experience (J. van der Meer and R. Powell) suggested that thalidomide may prevent febrile attacks. Six HIDS patients (5 male and 1 female) who had at least one febrile attack every 6 weeks, entered a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial to explore the efficacy of a daily 200-mg thalidomide dose in the treatment of recurrent febrile attacks of HIDS. The patients received either thalidomide, 200-mg daily, or placebo for 16 weeks, followed by a 4-week washout period and another 16-week treatment (crossover) with either thalidomide or placebo. Patients completed a weekly diary card noting attacks and side effects. During the study, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-1 receptor antagonist, soluble TNF receptor p55 and p75, and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha production were measured at six different points, whereas urine neopterin levels were measured weekly. During the active treatment with thalidomide, there were 10 attacks compared with 13 attacks with placebo. Thalidomide resulted in a nonsignificant decrease of CRP and SAA, but the concentrations of other inflammatory mediators, including urine neopterin, remained unchanged. One patient developed sensory polyneuropathy, but this resolved when thalidomide administration was stopped. The effect of thalidomide in HIDS is limited to a decrease in acute phase protein synthesis without an effect on the attack rate.
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