Debatteren over mobiliteit : over de rationaliteit van het ruimtelijk mobiliteitsbeleid
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[Amsterdam : Thela Thesis]
Number of pages
XII, 323 p.
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The study assesses the rationality of the mobility policy of the Dutch Ministry of Spatial Planning. The theoretical framework of the study is based in an overview of the different perspectives of rationality in planning theory. Based on insights from argumentation theory, four 'ideal' positions of rationality are distinguished. Each of these positions refers to a different way in which the rationality of a policy can and should be assessed. The study continues with a communicative perspective on rationality. According to this perspective an ultimate judgement of the rationality of a policy is not possible. The study therefore provides two criticial contributions to the ongoing debate about the rationality of the mobility policy of the Dutch Ministry of Spatial Planning. The first critical contribution focusses on the argumentation for the policy. It is concluded that the policy is based on a very narrow search for the right - and therefore rational - course of action. The Ministry of Spatial Planning claims a position as 'problem-owner' without questioning whether the ministry is the most suited actor to achieve a reduction in the growth of car-based travel. The second critical contribution consists of an empirical test of several assumptions underlying the mobility policy. The results of the test point out, first, that - contrary to the assumption held by the Ministry of Spatial Planning - the mobility problem in urban regions in The Netherlands is not caused by a decentralization of labour-intensive employment. Second, the results show that the location of labour-intensive employment near public tranportation nodes does not lead to a substantial improvement in the accessibility by sustainable modes of transport. The study concludes suggesting that the Ministry of Spatial Planning should re-evaluate its present policy to reduce car-based travel by using spatial instruments, and instead focus on influencing the decisions on transport infrastructure.
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