Relationship between low magnesium status and TRPM6 expression in the kidney and large intestine.
SourceAmerican Journal of Physiology : Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 294, 6, (2008), pp. R2001-7
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Physiology : Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
SubjectNCMLS 2: Metabolism, transport and motion; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
The body maintains Mg(2+) homeostasis by renal and intestinal (re)absorption. However, the molecular mechanisms that mediate transepithelial Mg(2+) transport are largely unknown. Transient receptor potential melastatin 6 (TRPM6) was recently identified and shown to function in active epithelial Mg(2+) transport in intestine and kidney. To define the relationship between Mg(2+) status and TRPM6 expression, we used two models of hypomagnesemia: 1) C57BL/6J mice fed a mildly or severely Mg(2+)-deficient diet, and 2) mice selected for either low (MgL) or high (MgH) erythrocyte and plasma Mg(2+) status. In addition, the mice were subjected to a severely Mg(2+)-deficient diet. Our results show that C57BL/6J mice fed a severely Mg(2+)-deficient diet developed hypomagnesemia and hypomagnesuria and showed increased TRPM6 expression in kidney and intestine. When fed a Mg(2+)-adequate diet, MgL mice presented hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesuria, and lower kidney and intestinal TRPM6 expression, compared with MgH mice. A severely Mg(2+)-deficient diet led to hypomagnesemia and hypomagnesuria in both strains. Furthermore, this diet induced kidney TRPM6 expression in MgL mice, but not in MgH mice. In conclusion, as shown in C57BL/6J mice, dietary Mg(2+)-restriction results in increased Mg(2+) (re)absorption, which is correlated with increased TRPM6 expression. In MgL and MgH mice, the inherited Mg(2+) status is linked to different TRPM6 expression. The MgL and MgH mice respond differently to a low-Mg(2+) diet with regard to TRPM6 expression in the kidney, consistent with genetic factors contributing to the regulation of cellular Mg(2+) levels. Further studies of these mice strains could improve our understanding of the genetics of Mg(2+) homeostasis.
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