Emotional consequences of categorizing victims of negative outgroup behavior as ingroup or outgroup
SourceGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations, 4, (2001), pp. 317-326
Article / Letter to editor
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Group Processes and Intergroup Relations
SubjectBehaviour Change and Well-being
This research examined whether people experience anger after perceiving intentional and unfair behavior of an outgroup which has negative consequences for others, but not for themselves. It was predicted that such outgroup behavior causes anger in the observer, dependent on the categorization of the victims as part of its own group or as part of another group. Participants were primed with information that made either differences or similarities between them and the victims salient, after which they were confronted with negative behavior of an outgroup. Results confirmed the prediction that the same information concerning unfair and intentional behavior of an outgroup harming others led to more anger in the observer when the victims were perceived as ingroup rather than outgroup. Moreover, anxiety was not affected by perception of victims as part of the ingroup or outgroup, suggesting that specific emotions rather than just negative affect were influenced.
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