Sau3A in situ digestion of human chromosome 3 pericentrometric heterochromatin. I. Differential digestion of alpha-satellite and satellite 1 DNA sequences.
SourceGenome, 44, 1, (2001), pp. 120--7
Article / Letter to editor
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In situ digestion with the restriction endonuclease (RE) Sau3A (Sau3A REISD) uncovers a polymorphism for the pericentromeric heterochromatin of human chromosome 3, which can be positively stained (3+) or not (3-), and has proven useful to differentiate donor and recipient cells after sex-matched bone marrow transplantation and to analyze the so-called hemopoietic chimerism. The aim of the present investigation was to obtain insight into the molecular basis of such polymorphism to optimize its use for chimerism quantification using methodological approaches other than REISD. To this end, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays using probes for the satellite DNA sequences that mainly constitute chromosome 3 pericentromeric heterochromatin (alpha-satellite and satellite 1 DNA) were performed on control and Sau3A-digested chromosomes. The results obtained suggest that chromosome 3 alpha-satellite DNA is digested in all individuals studied, irrespective of the karyotype obtained by Sau3A REISD (3++, 3+-, 3--), and thus it does not seem to be involved in the polymorphism uncovered by Sau3A on this chromosome. Satellite 1 DNA is not digested in any case, and shows a polymorphism for its domain size, which correlates with the polymorphism uncovered by Sau3A in such a way that 3+ chromosomes show a large domain (3L) and 3- chromosomes show a small domain (3S). It seems, therefore, that the cause of the polymorphism uncovered by Sau3A on the pericentromeric region of chromosome 3 is a difference in the size of the satellite 1 DNA domain. Small satellite 1 DNA domains fall under the resolution level of REISD technique and are identified as 3-.
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