Modulation of intestinal and liver fatty acid-binding proteins in Caco-2 cells by lipids, hormones and cytokines.
SourceJournal of Cellular Biochemistry, 81, 4, (2001), pp. 613--20
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
SubjectRole of fatty acid-binding proteins, proteoglycans and ion transport in differentiation and pathology; De rol van vetzuurbindende eiwitten, proteoglycanen en iontransport bij differentiatie en pathologie
Intestinal and liver fatty acid binding proteins (I- and L-FABP) are thought to play a role in enterocyte fatty acid (FA) trafficking. Their modulation by cell differentiation and various potential effectors was investigated in the human Caco-2 cell line. With the acquisition of enterocytic features, Caco-2 cells seeded on plastic progressively increased L-FABP quantities, whereas I-FABP was not detectable even very late in the maturation process. On permeable filters that improved differentiation markers (sucrase, alkaline phosphatase, transepithelial resistance), Caco-2 cells furthered their L-FABP content and expressed I-FABP. Western blot analysis showed a significant increase in I- and L-FABP expression following an 8-hour incubation period with butyric acid, oleic acid, and phosphatidylcholine. However, in all cases, I-FABP levels were higher than L-FABP concentrations regardless of the lipid substrates added. Similarly, hydrocortisone and insulin enhanced the cellular content of I- and L-FABP whereas leptin triggered I-FABP expression only after an 8-hour incubation. Finally, tumor necrosis factor-alpha was more effective in increasing the cytosolic amount of I-FABP levels. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that I-FABP expression is limited to fully differentiated Caco-2 cells and can be more easily regulated than L-FABP by lipids, hormones, and cytokines.
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