Influence of motoneuron firing synchronization on SEMG characteristics in dependence of electrode position.
SourceJournal of Applied Physiology, 91, 4, (2001), pp. 1588-1599
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Applied Physiology
SubjectNeuromuscular and neurometabolic disorders; Neuromusculaire en neurometabole aandoeningen
The frequency content of the surface electromyography (SEMG) signal, expressed as median frequency (MF), is often assumed to reflect the decline of muscle fiber conduction velocity in fatigue. MF also decreases when motor unit firings synchronize, and we hypothesized that this effect can explain the electrode-dependent pattern in our previous recordings from the trapezius muscle. An existing motoneuron (MN) model describes the afterhyperpolarization following a spike as an exponential function on which membrane noise is superimposed. Splitting the noise into a common and an individual component extended the model to a MN pool with a tunable level of firing synchrony. An analytical volume conduction model was used to generate motor unit action potentials to simulate SEMG. A realistic level of synchrony decreased the MF of the simulated bipolar SEMG by approximately 30% midway between endplate position and tendon but not above the endplate. This is in accordance with experimental data from the biceps brachii muscle. It was concluded that the pattern of decrease of MF during sustained contractions indeed reflects MN synchronization.
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