Transendothelial transport of renin-angiotensin system components.
SourceJournal of Hypertension, 20, 10, (2002), pp. 2029-2037
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Hypertension
SubjectHypertension and Circulation; Hypertensie en circulatie
BACKGROUND: Vascular (interstitial) angiotensin (ANG) II production depends on circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components. Mannose 6-phosphate (man-6-P) receptors and angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors, via binding and internalization of (pro)renin and ANG II, respectively, could contribute to the transportation of these components across the endothelium. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism(s) contributing to transendothelial RAS component transport. METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured on transwell polycarbonate filters, and incubated with RAS components in the absence or presence of man-6-P, eprosartan or PD123319, to block man-6-P, AT(1) and angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptors, respectively. RESULTS: Apically applied (pro)renin and angiotensinogen slowly entered the basolateral compartment, in a similar manner as horseradish peroxidase, a molecule of comparable size that reaches the interstitium via diffusion only. Prorenin transport was unaffected by man-6-P. Apical ANG I and ANG II rapidly reached the basolateral fluid independent of AT(1) and AT(2) receptors. Basolateral ANG II during apical ANG I application was as high as apical ANG II, whereas during apical ANG II application it was lower. During basolateral ANG I application, ANG II generation occurred basolaterally only, in an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating (pro)renin, angiotensinogen, ANG I and ANG II enter the interstitium via diffusion, and interstitial ANG II generation is mediated, at least in part, by basolaterally located endothelial ACE.
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