Pre- and postjunctional alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors in fetal and adult ovine cerebral arteries.
SourceAmerican Journal of Physiology : Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 282, 6, (2002), pp. R1654-62
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
American Journal of Physiology : Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
SubjectPrevention of disorders in human reproduction: (Patho)Physiological, endocrinological and methabolic aspects; Preventie van stoornissen in de menselijke voortplanting: (Patho-)fysiologische, endocriene en metabole aspecten.
In ovine cerebral arteries, adrenergic-mediated vasoconstrictor responses differ significantly with developmental age. We tested the hypothesis that, in part, these differences are a consequence of altered alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(2)-AR) density and/or affinity. In fetal (approximately 140 days) and adult sheep, we measured alpha(2)-AR density and affinity with the antagonist [(3)H]idazoxan in main branch cerebral arteries and other vessels. We also quantified contractile responses in middle cerebral artery (MCA) to norepinephrine (NE) or phenylephrine in the presence of the alpha(2)-AR antagonists yohimbine and idazoxan and contractile responses to the alpha(2)-AR agonists clonidine and UK-14304. In fetal and adult cerebral artery homogenates, alpha(2)-AR density was 201 +/- 18 and 52 +/- 6 fmol/mg protein, respectively (P < 0.01); however, antagonist affinity values did not differ. In fetal, but not adult, MCA, 10(-7) M yohimbine significantly decreased the pD(2) for NE-induced tension in the presence of 3 x 10(-5) M cocaine, 10(-5) M deoxycorticosterone, and 10(-6) M tetrodotoxin. In fetal, but not adult, MCA, UK-14304 induced a significant decrease in pD(2) for the phenylephrine dose-response relation. In addition, stimulation-evoked fractional NE release was significantly greater in fetal than in adult cerebral arteries. In the presence of 10(-6) M idazoxan to block alpha(2)-AR-mediated inhibition of prejunctional NE release, the fractional NE release was significantly increased in both age groups. We conclude that in fetal and adult ovine cerebral arteries, alpha(2)-AR appear to be chiefly prejunctional. Nonetheless, the fetal cerebral arteries appear to have a significant component of postjunctional alpha(2)-AR.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.