Early molecular events in the development of the diabetic cardiomyopathy.
SourceAmino Acids, 23, 1-3, (2002), pp. 331-6
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
SubjectInborn errors of metabolism; Erfelijke stofwisselingsziekten
Oxidative damage to DNA has been well documented in cardiac cells isolated from diabetic patients and rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). This study evaluates possible molecular mechanisms for early events in the development of DM-induced cardiomyopathy. Methods: To analyze the mechanism of overexpression of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and inhibition of cyclin D(1) expression in cardiomyocytes of diabetic rats we examined the methylation status of these genes by MS-PCR and assessed the possibility of epigenetic control of their expression. Results: We found that the steady-state expression of both genes is influenced by their methylation status, as an epigenetic event, of their 5'-flanking regions upon development of diabetes. Conclusions: Oxidative damage contributes to the development of cardiomyopathy via p53-dependent activation of cardiac cell death. This pathway includes de novomethylation of the P53-inducible p21(WAF1/CIP1)-gene encoding a protein which binds to and inhibits a broad range of cyclin-cyclin-dependent kinase complexes.
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