Adenylate kinase 1 knockout mice have normal thiamine triphosphate levels.
SourceBiochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Cell Research, 1592, 2, (2002), pp. 117-21
Article / Letter to editor
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Cell Biology (UMC)
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Cell Research
SubjectStudy of abnormal differentiation and transformation processes in heritable and acquired disorders with the use of cell and animal models; Bestudering van abnormale differentiatie en transformatieprocessen bij erfelijke of verworven aandoeningen m.b.v. cel- en diermodellen
Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found at low concentrations in most animal tissues and it may act as a phosphate donor for the phosphorylation of proteins, suggesting a potential role in cell signaling. Two mechanisms have been proposed for the enzymatic synthesis of ThTP. A thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) kinase (ThDP+ATP if ThTP+ADP) has been purified from brewer's yeast and shown to exist in rat liver. However, other data suggest that, at least in skeletal muscle, adenylate kinase 1 (AK1) is responsible for ThTP synthesis. In this study, we show that AK1 knockout mice have normal ThTP levels in skeletal muscle, heart, brain, liver and kidney, demonstrating that AK1 is not responsible for ThTP synthesis in those tissues. We predict that the high ThTP content of particular tissues like the Electrophorus electricus electric organ, or pig and chicken skeletal muscle is more tightly correlated with high ThDP kinase activity or low soluble ThTPase activity than with non-stringent substrate specificity and high activity of adenylate kinase.
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