The association of the human PM/Scl-75 autoantigen with the exosome is dependent on a newly identified N terminus.
SourceJournal of Biological Chemistry, 278, 33, (2003), pp. 30698-30704
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Biological Chemistry
The exosome is a complex of 3' --> 5' exoribonucleases that functions in a variety of cellular processes, all concerning the processing or degradation of RNA. Paradoxically, the previously described cDNA for the human autoantigenic exosome subunit PM/Scl-75 (Alderuccio, F., Chan, E. K., and Tan, E. M. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 173, 941-952) encodes a polypeptide that failed to interact with the exosome complex. Here, we describe the cloning of a more complete cDNA for PM/Scl-75 encoding 84 additional amino acids at its N terminus. We show that only the longer polypeptide is able to associate with the exosome complex. This interaction is most likely mediated by protein-protein interactions with two other exosome subunits, hRrp46p and hRrp41p, one of which was confirmed in a mammalian two-hybrid system. In addition we show that the putative nuclear localization signal present in the C-terminal region of PM/Scl-75 is sufficient, although not essential for nuclear localization of the protein. Moreover, the deletion of this element abrogated the nucleolar accumulation of PM/Scl-75, although its association with the exosome was not disturbed. This suggests that this basic element of PM/Scl-75 plays a role in targeting the exosome to the nucleolus.
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