Maternal methionine adenosyltransferase I/III deficiency: reproductive outcomes in a woman with four pregnancies.
SourceJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 26, 5, (2003), pp. 443-58
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
SubjectUMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
Four pregnancies in a women with moderately severe deficiency of methionine adenosyltransferase I/III (MAT I/III) activity are reported. She is an apparent homozygote for a point mutation in MAT1A, the gene that encodes the catalytically active subunit of MAT I/III. This mutation reduces the activity of her expressed enzyme to some 11% of wild-type. She was the first such individual identified in the United States, and these are the first pregnancies known in anyone with this extent of MAT I/III deficiency. No adverse effects were noted in the mother. Three normal babies resulted, but fetal arrest was detected in one embryo at 10-11 weeks gestation. Plasma methionine concentrations remained virtually constant at their elevated levels of 300-350 micromol/L throughout the pregnancies. Plasma free choline was below the reference range. In view of the evidence that maternal choline delivery to the fetus is important for brain development, it was suggested the patient ingest two eggs daily from gestation week 17. Plasma choline and phosphatidylcholine tended to rise during such supplementation. Plasma cystathionine concentrations rose progressively to far above normal during these pregnancies, but not during pregnancies in control women. This may be explained by delivery of excessive methionine to the fetus, with consequent increased cystathionine synthesis by fetal tissues. Because fetal tissues lack gamma-cystathionase, presumably cystathionine accumulated abnormally in the fetus and was transferred in abnormal amounts back to the mother. Plasma and urinary concentrations of methionine transamination metabolites rose during pregnancy for reasons that remain obscure.
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