Bone tissue reconstruction using titanium fiber mesh combined with rat bone marrow stromal cells.
SourceBiomaterials, 24, 10, (2003), pp. 1745-1750
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
SubjectUMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
The study aim was to evaluate the effect of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) cultured in titanium fiber mesh and implanted in a rat cranial defect. A total of 24 titanium meshes were placed in a tube containing 10 ml BMSC suspension (3 x 10(6)cells/ml) and the tube was rotated on a rotation plate (2 rpm) during 3 h. Thereafter, meshes with cells were subcultured for 1 day under standard conditions. Cell-loaded implants and non-cell-loaded controls were placed in a 8 mm cranial defect and retrieved after 3, 15 and 30 days of implantation. Histology showed that after 3 days of implantation, the mesh porosity of both implant groups was mainly invaded with blood cells. On the other hand, at 15 days of implantation, the cell-loaded implants were filled for 15 +/- 10% of their volume with bone, while the controls showed 1.5 +/- 3.5% of bone. The 30-day cell-loaded implants showed 40 +/- 12.5% of bone and the 30-day control implants 17 +/- 14.5%. At both implantation times the differences were statistically significant. Therefore, we conclude that inoculation of titanium fiber mesh with BMSCs can improve the bone healing capacity of this material.
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