Get your virtual hands off me! - Developing threatening IVAs using haptic feedback
Cham : Springer
InVerheij, B.; Wiering, M. (ed.), BNAIC 2017: Artificial Intelligence, pp. 61-75
29th Benelux Conference, BNAIC 2017 (Groningen, The Netherlands, November 8-9, 2017), Revised Selected Papers
Article in monograph or in proceedings
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SW OZ BSI CW
Verheij, B.; Wiering, M. (ed.), BNAIC 2017: Artificial Intelligence
SubjectCommunication and Media
Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVAs) become widely used for numerous applications, varying from healthcare decision support to communication training. In several of such applications, it is useful if IVAs have the ability to take a negative stance towards the user, for instance for anti-bullying or conflict management training. However, the believability of such 'virtual bad guys' is often limited, since they are non-consequential, i.e., are unable to apply serious sanctions to users. To improve this situation, this research explores the potential of endowing IVAs with the ability to provide haptic feedback. This was realized by conducting an experiment in which users interact with a virtual agent that is able to physically 'touch' the user via a haptic gaming vest. The effect on the loudness of the speech and the subjective experience of the participants was measured. Results of the experiment suggest there might be an effect on the subjective experience of the participants and the loudness of their speech. Statistical analysis, however, shows no significant effect but due to the relatively small sample size it is advisable to further look into these aspects.
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