Endothelin and calciotropic hormones share regulatory pathways in multidrug resistance protein 2-mediated transport
until further notice
SourceAmerican Journal of Physiology, 292, 1, (2007), pp. F38-46
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Organismal Animal Physiology
American Journal of Physiology
SubjectIGMD 9: Renal disorder; Organismal Animal Physiology
The kidney of vertebrates plays a key role in excretion of endogenous waste products and xenobiotics. Active secretion in the proximal nephron is at the basis of this excretion, mediated by carrier proteins including multidrug resistance protein 2 (Mrp2). We previously showed that Mrp2 function is reduced by endothelin-1 (ET-1) through a basolateral B-type receptor, nitric oxide (NO), cGMP, and PKC (Notenboom S, Miller DS, Smits P, Russel FGM, Masereeuw R. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 282: F458-F464, 2002; Notenboom S, Miller DS, Smits P, Russel FG, Masereeuw R. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 287: F33-F38, 2004). This pathway was rapidly activated by several nephrotoxicants and appeared to be calcium dependent. In the present study, we studied the effect of the calciotropic hormones parathyroid hormone (PTH), PTH-related protein (PTHrP), and stanniocalcin (STC) to interfere with ET-regulated Mrp2 transport. Like ET-1, PTH reduces Mrp2-mediated transport by 40% in killifish renal proximal tubules. When given in combination, an additive effect was seen, which is partially reversed by the PKC inhibitor calphostin C. Recombinant PTHrP shows a comparable inhibitory effect, which is concentration dependent and additive to the inhibition by ET. STC fully reverses PTHrP-inhibited transport as does a guanylyl cyclase inhibitor. Finally, to confirm PTHrP bioactivity in a homologous assay, we performed immunolocalization and transport studies in sea bream kidney tubules. Mrp2 immunoreactivity was observed in approximately 40% of the tubules and is associated with the brush-border and apical plasma membrane of cells. Both proximal tubules and distal (collecting) tubules express the antigen. A highly significant 40% inhibition of Mrp2-mediated transport was observed with PTHrP in sea bream tubules. In conclusion, ET-regulated Mrp2 transport is influenced by calciotropic hormones and involves PKC and cGMP signaling.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.