Specific steps in aneuploidization correlate with loss of heterozygosity of 9p21, 17p13 and 18q21 in the progression of pre-malignant laryngeal lesions.
SourceInternational Journal of Cancer, 91, 2, (2001), pp. 193--9
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Cancer
SubjectChromosomal aberrations and cancer; Chromosomale aberraties en kanker
Laryngeal squamous-cell carcinoma is often preceded by pre-malignant lesions. In this study, pre-malignant as well as malignant laryngeal lesions were analyzed using p53 immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization for chromosomes 1, 7, 9, 17 and 18. Microsatellite analysis was performed on laser-microdissected tissue fragments with the aim of studying loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of 9p21, 17p13 and 18q21. Sequential biopsies were analyzed from a few cases to study genetic progression in more detail. The following genetic progression patterns were observed: (i) histologically normal mucosa and hyperplastic lesions without malignant progression were typically disomic for all chromosomes tested and showed no or only basal cell layer positivity for p53 and no allelic loss; (ii) hyperplastic lesions preceding dysplastic/invasive growth frequently showed trisomy for chromosome 7 and LOH of 9p21 and 17p13, and small foci within these lesions sometimes showed tetraploidization and p53 positivity; (iii) dysplastic lesions were characterized by a tetraploid chromosome content, LOH of 9p21 and 17p13 and p53 positivity; (iv) carcinoma in situ lesions and invasive laryngeal carcinomas showed a more unbalanced chromosome pattern and an additional 18q21 LOH. These results show that different steps in aneuploidization correlate with LOH of 9p21, 17p13 and 18q21 in early laryngeal carcinogenesis. These genomic changes could be of potential use in the diagnosis and prognosis of pre-malignant laryngeal lesions.
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