(99m)Tc-E-selectin binding peptide for imaging acute osteomyelitis in a novel rat model.
SourceNuclear Medicine Communications, 22, 9, (2001), pp. 1003-1013
Article / Letter to editor
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Nuclear Medicine Communications
SubjectDevelopment of radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis and therapy of pathological processes.; Ontwikkeling van radiofarmaca ten behoeve van diagnose en behandeling van ziekteprocessen.
INTRODUCTION: In the present study, (99m)Tc-radiolabelled E-selectin binding peptide ((99m)Tc-IMP-178) was investigated for its potential to image acute pyogenic osteomyelitis in a new animal model. Intraindividual comparisons were performed using an irrelevant peptide ((99m)Tc-IMP-100) to demonstrate specificity. METHODS: An acute pyogenic osteomyelitis was induced by injecting 0.05 ml of 5% sodium morrhuate and 5x10(8) CFU of Staphylococcus aureus into the medullary cavity of the right tibia in 16 rats. Sixteen additional rats served as untreated controls. Whole-body imaging of pyogenic (n=4) and untreated (n=4) animals was performed continuously during the first 8 h (12 MBq i.v. of (99m)Tc-IMP-178 and (99m)Tc-IMP-100 for control), and one further single image was acquired after 16 h p.i. Tissue biodistribution studies were performed in 12 rats with an acute pyogenic osteomyelitis and in 12 untreated rats 1, 4 and 24 h after injection. Data of the histological/radiological and haematological investigations were obtained in all animals. RESULTS: Histopathologically, 15 of 16 treated rats (93%) developed an acute pyogenic osteomyelitis showing a major infiltration of the bone marrow by polymorphonuclear leukocytes as well as the formation of sequestra. Haematologically, the number of leukocytes increased by 100%, the lymphocytes by 11% and the granulocytes decreased by 39%. After i.v. injection, (99m)Tc-IMP-178 rapidly cleared from the body resulting in good scintigraphic target-to-background (T/B) ratios. The highest uptake of the tracer in the pyogenic bone was observed at 60 min p.i. (0.430.02% ID.g-1 for (99m)Tc-IMP-178 and 0.300.02% ID.g-1 for (99m)Tc-IMP-100), resulting in a higher osteomyelitis-to-healthy collateral ratio with T/B of 2.400.65 ((99m)Tc-IMP-178) compared with 1.850.48 ((99m)Tc-IMP-100). No adverse reactions were seen after injection of (99m)Tc-IMP-178. CONCLUSIONS: (99m)Tc-IMP-178 allows imaging of an acute osteomyelitic lesions, presumably by interaction of (99m)Tc-IMP-178 with activated upregulated vascular endothelium.
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