Occurrence of deletion of a COL2A1 allele as the mutation in Stickler syndrome shows that a collagen type II dosage effect underlies this syndrome.
SourceHuman Mutation, 20, 3, (2002), pp. 236
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectElucidation of hereditary disorders and their molecular diagnosis; Opheldering van erfelijke ziekten en hun moleculaire diagnostiek
We describe a novel type of mutation in the COL2A1 gene in a family with Stickler syndrome, namely a deletion of an entire COL2A1 allele. Until now, almost all COL2A1 mutations found in this syndrome are nucleotide substitutions, small deletions, or insertions, resulting in premature translation termination. Since the phenotype in this family is not different from cases with a truncated alpha-chain, our finding supports the suggestion that a dosage effect is underlying Stickler syndrome. Moreover, in mutation screening protocols for COL2A1 one should be aware of the possibility of large deletions, which are not detected by generally used PCR-based methods.
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