SourceClinical Neurophysiology, 113, 7, (2002), pp. 1142-51
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNeuromuscular and neurometabolic disorders; Neuromusculaire en neurometabole aandoeningen
OBJECTIVES: The study aims at a precise characterisation of intramuscularly varying recruitment patterns within the triceps brachii muscle (long and lateral head; proximal, medial, distal regions) in the time course of averaged step cycles during locomotion.METHODS: The triceps brachii muscle of 15 Hannover rats was investigated with a supramuscular 16-electrodes grid during treadmill locomotion. Multi-channel electromyogram (EMG) was recorded simultaneously with high-speed videography. The rectified and smoothed EMG was time-normalised. EMG profiles and dynamic EMG-map series were calculated. Differences between EMG distribution patterns were tested by multivariate analysis of variance.RESULTS: In the pre-stance phase EMG activity increased especially in the proximal long head. It most likely propagated from lower muscle layers of the long head. During stance phase the EMG activity of the lateral head rose steeply and exceeded those of the long head in short time. The fastest steps show the highest EMG amplitudes.CONCLUSIONS: EMG registrations with grid electrodes help in the identification of intramuscular co-ordination processes during locomotion. While the EMG profiles characterise the time course, the topographical distribution is better represented in dynamic EMG interference maps. The dynamic changing activation patterns of triceps brachii depend on the phase of the step cycle. This clearly indicates the different functions of the muscle heads.
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- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
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