Defects in degradation of blood group A and B glycosphingolipids in Schindler and Fabry diseases
SourceJournal of Lipid Research, 43, 7, (2002), pp. 1096-1104
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Lipid Research
SubjectInborn errors of metabolism; Neuromuscular and neurometabolic disorders; Erfelijke stofwisselingsziekten; Neuromusculaire en neurometabole aandoeningen
Skin fibroblast cultures from patients with inherited lysosomal enzymopathies, alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (alpha-NAGA) and alpha-galactosidase A deficiencies (Schindler and Fabry disease, respectively), and from normal controls were used to study in situ degradation of blood group A and B glycosphingolipids. Glycosphingolipids A-6-2 (GalNAc (alpha 1-->3)[Fuc alpha 1-->2]Gal(beta1-->4)GlcNAc(beta 1-->3)Gal(beta 1--> 4)Glc (beta 1-->1')Cer, IV(2)-alpha-fucosyl-IV(3)-alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminylneolactotetraosylcer amide), B-6-2 (Gal(alpha 1-->3)[Fuc alpha 1--> 2] Gal (beta 1-->4)GlcNAc(beta 1-->3)Gal(beta 1-->4)Glc(beta 1-->1')Cer, IV(2)- alpha-fucosyl-IV(3)-alpha-galactosylneolactotetraosylceramide), and globoside (GalNAc(beta 1-->3)Gal(alpha 1-->4)Gal(beta 1-->4)Glc(beta 1-->1') Cer, globotetraosylceramide) were tritium labeled in their ceramide moiety and used as natural substrates. The degradation rate of glycolipid A-6-2 was very low in fibroblasts of all the alpha-NAGA-deficient patients (less than 7% of controls), despite very heterogeneous clinical pictures, ruling out different residual enzyme activities as an explanation for the clinical heterogeneity. Strongly elevated urinary excretion of blood group A glycolipids was detected in one patient with blood group A, secretor status (five times higher than upper limit of controls), in support of the notion that blood group A-active glycolipids may contribute as storage compounds in blood group A patients. When glycolipid B-6-2 was fed to alpha-galactosidase A-deficient cells, the degradation rate was surprisingly high (50% of controls), while that of globotriaosylceramide was reduced to less than 15% of control average, presumably reflecting differences in the lysosomal enzymology of polar glycolipids versus less-polar ones. Relatively high-degree degradation of substrates with alpha-D-Galactosyl moieties hints at a possible contribution of other enzymes.
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