Preterm neonates with nephrocalcinosis: natural course and renal function.
SourcePediatric Nephrology, 18, 11, (2003), pp. 1102-1108
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SubjectEBP 4: Quality of Care
The aim of the study was to evaluate the natural course of nephrocalcinosis (NC) in preterm neonates and the effect of NC on blood pressure and renal glomerular and tubular function. In a prospective observational study of 201 preterm neonates (gestational age <32 weeks) NC was present at term in 83 patients (41%), who were subsequently examined at 6, 12, and 24 months, and until August 2000 annually (with a maximum of 4 years) if NC persisted. Examination consisted of blood pressure measurement, renal ultrasonography, and glomerular and tubular function tests. The probability that NC, when present at term, would persist for 15 and 30 months was 34% [21-45, 95% confidence interval (CI)] and 15% (5-25, 95% CI) (Kaplan-Meier), respectively. Urinary tract infection did not occur more frequently in patients with NC (2.5%) than patients without NC at term (4.4%). Systolic and diastolic blood pressures above the 95th percentile were found in 39% and 48% of patients at 1 year and 30% and 34% at 2 years ( P<0.001). Mean glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (inulin clearance) at 1 and 2 years was 92 and 102 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), respectively. TP/GFR and excretion of alpha(1)-microglobulin were normal. The desmopressin test was impaired in 4 of 30 patients at 1 year and 2 of 25 at 2 years. It was concluded that while proximal tubular function is unaffected in children with neonatal NC, high blood pressure and impaired glomerular and distal tubular function might occur more frequently than in healthy children. Although no relationship can be proven between NC and hypertension or diminished renal function in this study, these results justify a large follow-up study with matched controlled study groups.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.