Only weak vasorelaxant properties of loop diuretics in isolated resistance arteries from man, rat and guinea pig.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Pharmacology, 466, 3, (2003), pp. 281-7
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Pharmacology
SubjectUMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
Besides their diuretic action, loop diuretics may induce a rapid vasodilator effect that contribute to their short-term therapeutic properties. We examined the effects of furosemide (10(-6)-10(-3) mol l(-1)) in comparison with bumetanide (10(-6)-10(-4) mol l(-1)) on isolated resistance arteries from rat and guinea pig mesentery and human subcutaneous fat, and investigated the mechanism of the acute direct vasorelaxant action on an isometric microvascular myograph. Both loop diuretics induced concentration-dependent relaxation of resistance vessels irrespective of membrane potential. The maximal effect of furosemide was greatest in rat and least in human arteries. Both diuretics caused a rightward shift in the concentration-response curve to extracellular Ca(2+). Incubation with indomethacin (2 x 10(-5) mol l(-1)) or mechanical removal of the endothelium did not inhibit the loop diuretic-induced relaxation. At high concentrations (10(-4)-10(-3) mol l(-1)) loop diuretics exert only weak direct relaxant effects on isolated human subcutaneous resistance arteries compared to the vasorelaxant effects in rat and guinea pig mesenteric vessels.
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