Behavioural and neurochemical effects of cholinergic and dopaminergic agonists administered into the accumbal core and shell in rats
SourceNeuropharmacology, 38, (1999), pp. 1397-1407
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SubjectChanges in basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits in Parkinson's disease; Veranderingen in basale ganglia-thalamocorticale circuits in Parkinson's ziekte.
The first goal of this study was to investigate whether turning behaviour elicited by unilateral injections of the cholinergic agonist carbachol into the shell of the nucleus accumbens differs from the elicited by similar injections into the core of this nucleus, and to compare the behavioural effects with the known effects of such injections of the mixture of the dopamine D1 and D2 receptor agonists SKF 38393 (5 ug) and quinpirole (10 ug). The second goal was to investigate whether these injections of carbachol produce neurochemical alterations in the ventrolateral striatum that differ from simular injections of the mixture of the dopamine D1 en D2 receptor agonists into these brain regions. Injections of carbachol into the shell produced predominantly (a) contralateral circling marked by normal stepping and running in wide circles during the initial 50 min and (b) postural asymmetry during the following 75 min; similar injections into the core produced (a) contralateral pivoting, namely pathological head-to-tail turning marked by abnormal hindlimb stepping during the initial 50 min and (b) postural asymmetry during the next 75 min; The postural asymmetry seen after the carbachol injections was closely associated with the drug-induced increase in the dopamine release measured by microdialysis in the ipsilateral striatum. Injections of the mixture of dopamine agonists into the shell, but not core,also produced pivoting. These shell injections increased the dopamine release in the ipsilateral striatum, and decreased the contralateral striatum. The relative increase in the ipsilateral striatum was closely associated with the drug-induced pivoting. The data show that stimulation of cholinergic and dopaminergic receptors in the shell and core elicit effects that vary according to the subregion of the nucleus accumbens. It is concluded that the accumbens-specific, cholinergic effects are mediated via substrates that differ from those involved in the shell-specific, dopaminergic effects.
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