Spatial Planning: What's in a Name?
Annual Conference of the Royal Town Planning Institute, 18 juni 2003
Cardiff : [S.n.]
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SubjectInnovations in Spatial and Environmental Governance
Spatial Planning: What's in a Name? Andreas Faludi, University of Nijmegen Spatial planning is Euro-English and means different things to different people. In the UK it now carries the connotation of 'Modernising Planning', taking it beyond land-use management. In the EU context ,too, regulatory and strategic planning vie for dominance. Regulatory planning relies on plans to co-ordinate land use. It is of the 'command-and-control' type, viewing space as a fixed area of land ultimately under the sovereign control of the state. EU policies are perceived as a challenge to this competence. Strategic planning is pro-active, forging coalitions with stakeholders. Its exponent is regional policy as practiced at EU-level, amongst others. There the search is on for a spatial framework for this policy to fit into. This spatial framework is informed by an understanding of European space in terms of its global context, its institutions, the competitive situation, the existing diversity, the solidarity with less-favoured regions, the existence (as against in the US) of one, and only one, global economic integration zone, the London-Paris-Milan-Munich-Hamburg 'pentagon', leading to a strategy of polycentric development. This has been formulated in the 'European Spatial Development Perspective' which starts from the need for a 'spatial approach', discusses the impacts of Community policies, identifies 'policy aims and options', discusses their application as well as enlargement. The message is one of polycentric development and urban-rural partnership, safeguarding access to infrastructure and knowledge and the wise management of the natural and cultural heritage by means of voluntary policies. The ESDP is thus a strategic spatial planning document challenging member states to engage in similar reflection about their spatial positions, strenghts and weaknesses. Sovereignty, in terms of control over territory, is not at stake. Its conception of spatial planning goes beyond land-use management, but so did the Schuster Report on the education of town and country planners of 1950!
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