Language prediction is reflected by coupling between frontal gamma and posterior alpha oscillations
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SourceJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 30, 3, (2018), pp. 432-447
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC PL
PI Group Neurobiology of Language
PI Group Neuronal Oscillations
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Subject110 000 Neurocognition of Language; 160 000 Neuronal Oscillations; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 1: Language and Communication; Neuroinformatics; Psycholinguistics
Readers and listeners actively predict upcoming words during language processing. These predictions might serve to support the unification of incoming words into sentence context and thus rely on interactions between areas in the language network. In the current magnetoencephalography study, participants read sentences that varied in contextual constraints so that the predictability of the sentence-final words was either high or low. Before the sentence-final words, we observed stronger alpha power suppression for the highly compared with low constraining sentences in the left inferior frontal cortex, left posterior temporal region, and visual word form area. Importantly, the temporal and visual word form area alpha power correlated negatively with left frontal gamma power for the highly constraining sentences. We suggest that the correlation between alpha power decrease in temporal language areas and left prefrontal gamma power reflects the initiation of an anticipatory unification process in the language network.
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