Dispossession by 'Development': Corporations, elites and NGOs in Bangladesh
SourceSouth Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, 13, (2016), pp. 1-17
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ NISCO CAOS
South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal
SubjectDynamics of gender
In this article, which is based around two case studies of extractive multinationals in Bangladesh we show how the multinationals concerned worked with states, local elites and national NGOs in order to gain access to land and resources. In negotiating these complex relationships the multinationals often found themselves in potentially contradictory positions, requiring the muscle of the state where land had to be forcibly acquired but also the partnership of national NGOs in order to carry out development programmes as part of their policies of 'community engagement' or 'uplift'. As this implies, whilst the state-corporate nexus is central to land appropriation in South Asia, we must also consider the role of NGOs and other development agencies, especially in a context such as Bangladesh where NGOs have taken on the role of 'shadow state' (Karim, 2011: xviii) . Indeed, the growing links between NGOs, private finance and corporate interests requires urgent attention.
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