Key European guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with phenylketonuria
SourceLancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 5, 9, (2017), pp. 743-756
Article / Letter to editor
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Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
We developed European guidelines to optimise phenylketonuria (PKU) care. To develop the guidelines, we did a literature search, critical appraisal, and evidence grading according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network method. We used the Delphi method when little or no evidence was available. From the 70 recommendations formulated, in this Review we describe ten that we deem as having the highest priority. Diet is the cornerstone of treatment, although some patients can benefit from tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). Untreated blood phenylalanine concentrations determine management of people with PKU. No intervention is required if the blood phenylalanine concentration is less than 360 mumol/L. Treatment is recommended up to the age of 12 years if the phenylalanine blood concentration is between 360 mumol/L and 600 mumol/L, and lifelong treatment is recommended if the concentration is more than 600 mumol/L. For women trying to conceive and during pregnancy (maternal PKU), untreated phenylalanine blood concentrations of more than 360 mumol/L need to be reduced. Treatment target concentrations are as follows: 120-360 mumol/L for individuals aged 0-12 years and for maternal PKU, and 120-600 mumol/L for non-pregnant individuals older than 12 years. Minimum requirements for the management and follow-up of patients with PKU are scheduled according to age, adherence to treatment, and clinical status. Nutritional, clinical, and biochemical follow-up is necessary for all patients, regardless of therapy.
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