Choice of mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after OASI: a survey among Dutch gynecologists
SourceInternational Urogynecology Journal, 28, 10, (2017), pp. 1537-1542
Article / Letter to editor
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International Urogynecology Journal
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: National and international guidelines do not provide clear recommendations on the mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI). The aim of this study was to investigate the opinion of gynecologists in The Netherlands on this choice and the extent to which this choice is affected by the gynecologist's characteristics. METHODS: Of 973 gynecologists sent a questionnaire seeking their opinion on the mode of delivery in 16 different case descriptions, 234 (24%) responded. Factors influencing the opinion of the respondents on the mode of delivery, the presence of anal symptoms, the degree of OASI and the characteristics of the respondents were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Recommendations on the mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after OASI showed considerable variation. The recommendations depended on (previous) symptoms and the degree of OASI. For gynecologists who based their recommendations on endoanal ultrasonography outcomes (7-20% depending on the case), the degree of OASI and severity of (previous) symptoms were less important. Gynecologists basing their recommendations on endoanal ultrasonography recommended a primary cesarean section less often. Gynecologist's characteristics (including years of experience, type of hospital and subspecialty) had a small effect on their recommendations on the mode of delivery. CONCLUSIONS: Due to lack of evidence, recommendations of gynecologists in The Netherlands on the mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after OASI vary widely and depend on (previous) symptoms and the degree of OASI. Gynecologists who based their recommendations on endoanal ultrasonography outcomes recommended cesarean section less often.
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