Gait analysis before and after corrective osteotomy in patients with knee osteoarthritis and a valgus deformity
Number of pages
SourceKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 25, 9, (2017), pp. 2904-2913
Article / Letter to editor
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Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: In this prospective study, the changes in kinetics and kinematics of gait and clinical outcomes after a varus osteotomy (tibial, femoral or double osteotomy) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee and a valgus leg alignment were analysed and compared to healthy subjects. METHODS: Twelve patients and ten healthy controls were included. Both kinetics and kinematics of gait and clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: The knee adduction moment increased significantly postoperatively (p < 0.05) and almost similar to the control group. Patients showed less knee and hip flexion/extension motion and moment during gait pre- and postoperatively compared to the controls. A significant improvement was found in WOMAC [80.8 (SD 16.1), p = 0.000], KOS [74.9 (SD 14.7), p = 0.018], OKS [21.2 (SD 7.5), p = 0.000] and VAS-pain [32.9 (SD 20.9), p = 0.003] in all patients irrespective of the osteotomy technique used. The radiographic measurements showed a mean hip knee ankle (HKA) angle correction of 10.4 degrees (95 % CI 6.4 degrees -14.4 degrees ). CONCLUSION: In patients with knee OA combined with a valgus leg alignment, the varus-producing osteotomy is a successful treatment. Postoperatively, the patients showed kinetics and kinematics of gait similar as that of a healthy control group. A significant increase in the knee adduction moment during stance phase was found, which was related to the degree of correction. The HKA angle towards zero degrees caused a medial shift in the dynamic knee loading. The medial shift will optimally restore cartilage loading forces and knee ligament balance and reduces progression of OA or the risk of OA. A significant improvement in all clinical outcomes was also found. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
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