Correction of Patellofemoral Malalignment With Patellofemoral Arthroplasty
SourceJournal of Arthroplasty, 32, 12, (2017), pp. 3598-3602
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Arthroplasty
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: The goal of patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) is to replace damaged cartilage and correct underlying deformities to reduce pain and prevent maltracking. We aimed to determine how PFA modifies patellar height, tilt, and tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance. The hypothesis was that PFA would correct trochlear dysplasia or extensor mechanism malalignment. METHODS: The authors prospectively studied a series of 16 patients (13 women and 3 men) aged 64.9 +/- 16.3 years (range 41-86 years) who received PFA. All knees were assessed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively using frontal, lateral, and "skyline" x-rays, and computed tomography scans to calculate patellar tilt, patellar height, and TT-TG distance. RESULTS: The interobserver agreement was excellent for all parameters (intraclass correlation coefficient >0.95). Preoperatively, the median patellar tilt without quadriceps contraction (QC) was 17.5 degrees (range 5.3 degrees -33.4 degrees ) and with QC was 19.8 degrees (range 0 degrees -52.0 degrees ). The median Caton-Deschamps index was 0.91 (range 0.80-1.22) and TT-TG distance was 14.5 mm (range 4.0-22.0 mm). Postoperatively, the median patellar tilt without QC was 0.3 degrees (range -15.3 degrees to 9.5 degrees ) and with QC was 6.1 degrees (range -11.5 degrees to 13.3 degrees ). The median Caton-Deschamps index was 1.11 (range 0.81-1.20) and TT-TG distance was 10.1 mm (range 1.8-13.8 mm). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that beyond replacing arthritic cartilage, trochlear-cutting PFA improves patellofemoral congruence by correcting trochlear dysplasia and standardizing radiological measurements as patellar tilt and TT-TG. The association of lateral patellar facetectomy improves patellar tracking by reducing the patellar tilt.
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