Pathways towards indolent B-cell lymphoma - Etiology and therapeutic strategies
SourceBlood Reviews, 31, 6, (2017), pp. 426-435
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Although patients with indolent B-cell lymphomas have a relatively good survival rate, conventional chemotherapy is not curative. Disease courses are typically characterized by multiple relapses and progressively shorter response duration with subsequent lines of therapy. There has been an explosion of innovative targeted agents in the past years. This review discusses current knowledge on the etiology of indolent B-cell lymphomas with respect to the role of micro-organisms, auto-immune diseases, and deregulated pathways caused by mutations. In particular, knowledge on the mutational landscape of indolent B-cell lymphomas has strongly increased in recent years and harbors great promise for more accurate decision making in the current wide range of therapeutic options. Despite this promise, only in chronic lymphocytic leukemia the detection of TP53 mutations and/or del17p currently have a direct effect on treatment decisions. Nevertheless, it is expected that in the near future the role of genetic testing will increase for prediction of response to targeted treatment as well as for more accurate prediction of prognosis in indolent B-cell lymphomas.
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