IRMPD Action Spectroscopy, ER-CID Experiments, and Theoretical Studies of Sodium Cationized Thymidine and 5-Methyluridine: Kinetic Trapping During the ESI Desolvation Process Preserves the Solution Structure of [Thd+Na]().
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SourceJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 28, 11, (2017), pp. 2423-2437
01 november 2017
Article / Letter to the editor
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Molecular Structure and Dynamics
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
SubjectMolecular Structure and Dynamics
Thymidine (dThd) is a fundamental building block of DNA nucleic acids, whereas 5-methyluridine (Thd) is a common modified nucleoside found in tRNA. In order to determine the conformations of the sodium cationized thymine nucleosides [dThd+Na](+) and [Thd+Na](+) produced by electrospray ionization, their infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectra are measured. Complementary electronic structure calculations are performed to determine the stable low-energy conformations of these complexes. Geometry optimizations and frequency analyses are performed at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory, whereas energies are calculated at the B3LYP/6-311+G(2d,2p) level of theory. As protonation preferentially stabilizes minor tautomers of dThd and Thd, tautomerization facilitated by Na(+) binding is also considered. Comparisons of the measured IRMPD and computed IR spectra find that [dThd+Na](+) prefers tridentate (O2,O4',O5') coordination to the canonical 2,4-diketo form of dThd with thymine in a syn orientation. In contrast, [Thd+Na](+) prefers bidentate (O2,O2') coordination to the canonical 2,4-diketo tautomer of Thd with thymine in an anti orientation. Although 2,4-dihydroxy tautomers and O2 protonated thymine nucleosides coexist in the gas phase, no evidence for minor tautomers is observed for the sodium cationized species. Consistent with experimental observations, the computational results confirm that the sodium cationized thymine nucleosides exhibit a strong preference for the canonical form of the thymine nucleobase. Survival yield analyses based on energy-resolved collision-induced dissociation (ER-CID) experiments suggest that the relative stabilities of protonated and sodium cationized dThd and Thd follow the order [dThd+H](+) < [Thd+H](+) < [dThd+Na](+) < [Thd+Na](+). Graphical Abstract .
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