Are Older Adults More Social Than Younger Adults? Social Importance Increases Older Adults' Prospective Memory Performance
SourceNeuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition : a Journal on Normal and Dysfunctional Development, 17, 3, (2010), pp. 312-328
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC NRP
Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition : a Journal on Normal and Dysfunctional Development
SubjectDI-BCB_DCC_Theme 3: Plasticity and Memory; Neuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology; Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of social importance on prospective remembering in younger and older adults as a possible factor contributing to the age-prospective memory paradox. Using a between-subjects design, 40 younger and 40 older adults worked on a time-based prospective memory task in which social importance was varied. Overall, younger adults outperformed older adults in the prospective memory task. Importantly, in contrast to younger adults, older adults' prospective memory performance was significantly better in the social importance condition than in the standard condition. This interaction was not reflected in participants' time-monitoring behaviour. Findings are discussed in the context of recent prospective memory theories.
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