In vivo assessment of myocardial viability after acute myocardial infarction: A head-to-head comparison of the perfusable tissue index by PET and delayed contrast-enhanced CMR
SourceJournal of Nuclear Cardiology, 24, 2, (2017), pp. 657-667
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: Early recognition of viable myocardium after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is of clinical relevance, since affected segments have the potential of functional recovery. Delayed contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-CMR) has been validated extensively for the detection of viable myocardium. An alternative parameter for detecting viability is the perfusable tissue index (PTI), derived using [15O]H2O positron emission tomography (PET), which is inversely related to the extent of myocardial scar (non-perfusable tissue). The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of PTI on recovery of LV function as compared to DCE-CMR in patients with AMI, after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) successfully treated by PCI were prospectively recruited. Subjects were examined 1 week and 3 months (mean follow-up time: 97 +/- 10 days) after AMI using [15O]H2O PET and DCE-CMR to assess PTI, regional function and scar. Viability was defined as recovery of systolic wall thickening >/=3.0 mm at follow-up by use of CMR. A total of 588 segments were available for serial analysis. RESULTS: At baseline, 180 segments were dysfunctional and exhibited DCE. Seventy-three (41%) of these dysfunctional segments showed full recovery during follow-up (viable), whereas 107 (59%) segments remained dysfunctional (nonviable). Baseline PTI of viable segments was 0.94 +/- 0.09 and was significantly higher compared to nonviable segments (0.80 +/- 0.13, P < .001). The optimal cut-off value for PTI was >/=0.85 with a sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 72%, and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.82. In comparison, a cut-off value of <32% for the extent of DCE resulted in a sensitivity of 72% and a specificity of 69%, and an AUC of 0.75 (AUC PTI vs DCE P = .14). CONCLUSION: Assessment of myocardial viability shortly after reperfused AMI is feasible using PET. PET-derived PTI yields a good predictive value for the recovery of LV function in PCI-treated STEMI patients, in excellent agreement with DCE-CMR.
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