Effects of neurosteroids on spike-wave discharges in the genetic epileptic WAG/Rij rats
SourceEpilepsy Research, 33, 1, (1999), pp. 23-30
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
Effects of i.p. administration of the neurosteroids, allopregnanolone and pregnenolone sulfate, were studied in WAG/Rij rats, a genetic model for generalized absence epilepsy. EEG recordings showed that allopregnanolone a positive modulator of the GABAa receptor, in doses ranging from 5 to 20 mg/kg, increased dose-dependently the number and total duration of spike-wave discharges. pregnenolone sulfate, a positive modulator of NMDA receptors, also increased those parameters, though only at the highest dose used (100 mg/kg). Significant changes in spike-wave discharges occurred during the first hour post-injection and were not accompanied with behavioral alterations. The obtained data indicate that both these neurosteroids aggravate the spike-wave activity. This finding contrasts with the anti-convulsant effects of some neurosteroids and they point to a different pharmacological profile of epilepsy with convulsive or non-convulsive seizure.
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