Bone Response to Porous Poly(methyl methacrylate) Cement Loaded with Hydroxyapatite Particles in a Rabbit Mandibular Model.
SourceTissue Engineering. Part C: Methods, 23, 5, (2017), pp. 262-273
1 mei 2017
Article / Letter to editor
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Tissue Engineering. Part C: Methods
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
The aim of the current study was to evaluate bone formation and tissue response to porous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) cement with or without hydroxyapatite (HA) in a rabbit mandibular model. Therefore, 14 New Zealand White rabbits were randomly divided into two groups of seven according to the designed study end points of 4 and 12 weeks. For each rabbit, two decorticated defects (6 mm in height and 10 mm in width for each) were prepared at both sides of the mandible. Subsequently, the defects were filled with, respectively, porous PMMA and porous PMMA-HA cement. After reaching the designated implantation period, the rabbits were euthanized and the mandibles were retrieved for histological analysis. Results showed that both porous PMMA and porous PMMA-HA supported bone repair. Neither of the bone cements caused significant inflammation to nerve or other surrounding tissues. After implantation of 12 weeks, majority of the porosity was filled with newly formed bone for both cements, which supports the concept that a porous structure within PMMA can enhance bone ingrowth. Histomorphometrical evaluation, using histological grading scales, demonstrated that, at both implantation times, the presence of HA in the PMMA enhanced bone formation. Bone was always in direct contact with the HA particles, while intervening fibrous tissue was present at the PMMA-bone interface. On the basis of results, it was concluded that injectable porous PMMA-HA cement might be a good candidate for craniofacial bone repair, which should be further evaluated in a more clinically relevant large animal model.
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