Pathophysiology, diagnostic work-up and management of balance impairments and falls in patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia
SourceJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 49, 5, (2017), pp. 369-377
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
INTRODUCTION: Balance impairments are common in patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia and are among the most debilitating symptoms, as they frequently result in falls and fall-related injuries. Several features of hereditary spastic paraplegia contribute to balance impairments and multiple treatment options exist. However, an overview of these underlying mechanisms and their treatment is currently lacking. METHODS: This paper reviews the pathophysiology, diagnostic workup, and management of balance impairments in hereditary spastic paraplegia. Recommendations are based on scientific evidence, when available, and otherwise reflect practice-based evidence supported by clinical experience. CONCLUSION: Through diligent history-taking and clinical examination, followed by multidisciplinary treatment tailored to the identified underlying mechanisms, balance capacities can be improved in patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia and at least a proportion of falls can be prevented.
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- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
- Open Access publications 
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