Differential regulation of the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger 3 (NCX3) by protein kinase PKC and PKA.
until further notice
SourceCell Calcium, 65, (2017), pp. 52-62
1 juli 2017
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Isoform 3 of the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger (NCX3) participates in the Ca2+ fluxes across the plasma membrane. Among the NCX family, NCX3 carries out a peculiar role due to its specific functions in skeletal muscle and the immune system and to its neuroprotective effect under stress exposure. In this context, proper understanding of the regulation of NCX3 is primordial to consider its potential use as a drug target. In this study, we demonstrated the regulation of NCX3 by protein kinase A (PKA) and C (PKC). Disparity in regulation has been previously reported among the splice variants of NCX3 therefore the activity of Ca2+ uptake and extrusion of the two murine variants was measured using fura-2-based Ca2+ imaging and revealed that both variants are similarly regulated. PKC stimulation diminished the Ca2+ uptake performed by NCX3 in the reverse mode, triggered by a rise in [Ca2+]i or [Na+]i, whereas an opposite response was observed upon PKA stimulation, with a significant increase of the Ca2+ uptake after a rise in [Ca2+]i. The latter stimulation affected similarly the efflux capacity of NCX3 whereas Ca2+ extrusion capacity remained unaffected under activation of PKC. Next, using site-directed mutagenesis, the sensitivity of NCX3 to PKC was abolished by singly mutating its predicted phosphorylation sites T529 or S695. The sensitivity to PKC might be due to the influence of T529 phosphorylation on the Ca2+-binding domain 1. Additionally, we showed that stimulation of NCX3 by PKA occurred through residue S524. This effect may well participate in the fight-or-flight response in skeletal muscle and the long-term potentiation in hippocampus.
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