Defects in the Cell Signaling Mediator beta-Catenin Cause the Retinal Vascular Condition FEVR
SourceAmerican Journal of Human Genetics, 100, 6, (2017), pp. 960-968
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Human Genetics
SubjectRadboudumc 12: Sensory disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is an inherited blinding disorder characterized by the abnormal development of the retinal vasculature. The majority of mutations identified in FEVR are found within four genes that encode the receptor complex (FZD4, LRP5, and TSPAN12) and ligand (NDP) of a molecular pathway that controls angiogenesis, the Norrin-beta-catenin signaling pathway. However, half of all FEVR-affected case subjects do not harbor mutations in these genes, indicating that further mutated genes remain to be identified. Here we report the identification of mutations in CTNNB1, the gene encoding beta-catenin, as a cause of FEVR. We describe heterozygous mutations (c.2142_2157dup [p.His720 *] and c.2128C>T [p.Arg710Cys]) in two dominant FEVR-affected families and a de novo mutation (c.1434_1435insC [p.Glu479Argfs *18]) in a simplex case subject. Previous studies have reported heterozygous de novo CTNNB1 mutations as a cause of syndromic intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder, and somatic mutations are linked to many cancers. However, in this study we show that Mendelian inherited CTNNB1 mutations can cause non-syndromic FEVR and that FEVR can be a part of the syndromic ID phenotype, further establishing the role that beta-catenin signaling plays in the development of the retinal vasculature.
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