Can COPD Patients Who Hyperinflate During Daily Life Activities Be Identified by Laboratory Tests?
SourceRespiration, 86, 3, (2013), pp. 237-242
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection
Background: Identification of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who develop dynamic hyperinflation (DH) during activities in daily life (ADL) is important, because of the association between DH and dyspnea and exercise limitation. Objective: We aimed to answer the question whether measurements of DH during metronome-paced tachypnea (MPT) or cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can be used to identify patients who develop DH during ADL. Methods: DH was measured by tracking changes in inspiratory capacity during CPET, MPT and ADL. Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement in DH between methods. With a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the overall accuracy of MPT and CPET to identify patients who hyperinflate during ADL was assessed. Results: There are broad limits of agreement in DH between methods. ROC curve analyses showed good overall accuracy of both CPET and MPT to identify patients who hyperinflate during ADL. For CPET, area under the curve (AUC) = 0.956 (95% CI 0.903-1.009). For MPT, AUC = 0.840 (95% CI 0.699-0.981). Sensitivity and specificity to identify patients who hyperinflate during ADL with CPET were 96 and 83%, respectively, and with MPT, they were 89 and 77%, respectively. Conclusion: Both CPET and MPT can serve as screening tools to identify patients who are susceptible to developing DH during ADL. In practice, MPT is the most simple and inexpensive surrogate. However, the sensitivity of MPT is not optimal. When DH does not occur during CPET, it is unlikely to occur during ADL.
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