Degree of nephrotoxicity after intermediate- or high-dose cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer
SourceHead and Neck : Journal for the Sciences and Specialties of the Head and Neck, 38 Suppl 1, (2016), pp. E1575-81
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Head and Neck : Journal for the Sciences and Specialties of the Head and Neck
vol. 38 Suppl 1
SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the occurrence of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity between concomitant chemoradiotherapy with high versus intermediate-dose cisplatin. METHODS: One hundred forty-four patients with locally advanced head and neck or nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) were included; 40 patients received cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) (high dose) on days 1, 22, and 43, and 104 patients received cisplatin 40 mg/m(2) weekly (intermediate dose) during 6 weeks in combination with radiotherapy. RESULTS: During treatment with intermediate-dose cisplatin, 6.7% developed an increase of >/=50% serum creatinine versus 60.0% treated with high-dose cisplatin (p < .05). Nephrotoxicity (all grades) scored by Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 or CTCAE version 4.03 was 53% and 100% in the high-dose group and 4.8% and 68% in the intermediate-dose group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Significantly less nephrotoxicity occurs during chemoradiotherapy with intermediate-dose cisplatin compared with high-dose cisplatin. The CTCAE version 4.03 seems to be more appropriate in scoring nephrotoxicity than the CTCAE version 3.0. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: E1575-E1581, 2016.
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