Circumferential urinary sphincter surface electromyography: A novel diagnostic method for intrinsic sphincter deficiency
SourceNeurourology and Urodynamics, 35, 2, (2016), pp. 186-191
Article / Letter to editor
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Neurourology and Urodynamics
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
AIMS: The diagnosis of intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is not well established. We explored the possibility of applying a new tool: minimally invasive circumferential sphincter surface electromyography (CSS-EMG) to assess the muscular integrity of the urethral sphincter in patients with SUI/ISD. METHODS: CSS-EMG of the urethral sphincter and urodynamic studies were performed in 44 women with SUI. A urethral pressure profile (UPP) was measured in four directions. Maximal urethral closure pressure (MUCP) <40 cm/H2 O or the presence of SUI without urethral hypermobility was used to define ISD. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients had urodynamic SUI, 23 had no SUI and 12 patients had ISD. The mean average rectified value (ARV) of the motor unit action potential (MUAP), an indicator of the strength of urethral rhabdosphincter, was estimated. ARV measured in the 12 o'clock quadrant during maximal contraction was the only CSS-EMG parameter that had significant predictive value for ISD. With an increase in the 12 o'clock ARV value, the likelihood of ISD decreases (Odds Ratio 0.36 95% confidence interval 0.67-0.92). In the ROC curve with ARV measured in the 12 o'clock quadrant during maximal contraction, the explained area was 0.794 (P = 0.02); implying that ARV measured at the 12 o'clock quadrant during maximal contraction was able to predict ISD significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Myogenic changes of the urethral sphincter that contribute to ISD can be assessed with CSS-EMG. This new concept for assessing the functionality of the female urethral sphincter may assist with better understanding of the pathophysiology, the diagnosis and the treatment of SUI. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:186-191, 2016. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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