Changes in microgaps, micromotion, and trabecular strain from interlocked cement-trabecular bone interfaces in total knee replacements with in vivo service
SourceJournal of Orthopaedic Research, 34, 6, (2016), pp. 1019-1025
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Orthopaedic Research
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
The initial fixation of cemented Total Knee Replacements (TKRs) relies on mechanical interlock between cement and bone, but loss of interlock occurs with in vivo service. In this study, cement-trabeculae gap morphology and micromechanics were measured for lab prepared (representing post-operative state) and postmortem retrieval (with in vivo remodeling) TKRs to determine how changes in fixation affect local micromechanics. Small specimens taken from beneath the tibial tray were loaded with 1 MPa axial compression and the local micromechanics of the trabeculae-cement interface was quantified using digital image correlation. Lab prepared trabeculae that initially interlock with cement had small gaps (ave:14 mum) and limited micromotion (ave:1 mum) which were larger near the cement border. Trabecular resorption was prevalent following in vivo service; interface gaps became larger (ave:40 mum) and micromotion increased (ave:6 mum), particularly near the cement border. Interlocked trabeculae from lab prepared specimens exhibited strains that were 20% of the supporting bone strain, indicating the trabeculae were initially strain shielded. The spatial and temporal progression of gaps, micromotion, and bone strain was complex and much more variable for post-mortem retrievals compared to the lab prepared specimens. From a clinical perspective, attaining more initial interlock results in cement-bone interfaces that are better fixed with less micromotion. (c) 2015 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 34:1019-1025, 2016.
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