TRPV1 dysfunction in cystinosis patients harboring the homozygous 57 kb deletion
SourceScientific Reports, 6, (2016), article 35395
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by lysosomal cystine accumulation due to loss of function of the lysosomal cystine transporter (CTNS). The most common mutation in cystinosis patients of Northern Europe consists of a 57-kb deletion. This deletion not only inactivates the CTNS gene but also extends into the non-coding region upstream of the start codon of the TRPV1 gene, encoding the capsaicin- and heat-sensitive ion channel TRPV1. To evaluate the consequences of the 57-kb deletion on functional TRPV1 expression, we compared thermal, mechanical and chemical sensitivity of cystinosis patients with matched healthy controls. Whereas patients heterozygous for the 57-kb deletion showed normal sensory responses, homozygous subjects exhibited a 60% reduction in vasodilation and pain evoked by capsaicin, as well as an increase in heat detection threshold. Responses to cold, mechanical stimuli or cinnamaldehyde, an agonist of the related nociceptor channel TRPA1, were unaltered. We conclude that cystinosis patients homozygous for the 57-kb deletion exhibit a strong reduction of TRPV1 function, leading to sensory deficiencies akin to the phenotype of TRPV1-deficient mice. These deficits may account for the reported sensory alterations and thermoregulatory deficits in these patients, and provide a paradigm for life-long TRPV1 deficiency in humans.
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