Safe use of NSAIDs and RAS-inhibitors at Agogo Presbyterian Hospital, Ghana
SourceGhana Medical Journal, 50, 1, (2016), pp. 22-30
Article / Letter to editor
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Ghana Medical Journal
SubjectRadboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Preventable adverse events of medication are an important cause of hospital admissions in the developed world, in which non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and renin-angiotensin system (RAS-) inhibitors are frequently involved. NSAIDs and RAS-inhibitors are also often used in Ghana. The purpose of this study is to assess whether biochemical monitoring in patients on RAS-inhibitors, and co-administration of gastro protective agents (GPAs) in patients on NSAIDs, is done properly in Ghana. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two retrospective cross-sectional studies were carried out at the Agogo Presbyterian Hospital, Ghana, in 2013. In 114 out-and inpatients who are on NSAIDs, the risk for gastrointestinal side effects and the frequency of co-administration of GPAs were determined. In 301 outpatients who are on RAS-inhibitors, the risk for renal dysfunction and the frequency of biochemical monitoring were determined. Fisher's exact test was used to determine the statistical strength. RESULTS: Co-administration of GPAs was done in 1.8% of patients on NSAIDs. Serum creatinine and potassium monitoring within one month after initiation of treatment with RAS-inhibitors were performed in 6.3% and 3.7%, respectively. Risk factors were neither associated with prescription of a GPA in patients on NSAIDs (p=0.134), nor in performing biochemical monitoring in patients on RAS-inhibitors (p=0.219 for creatinine, p=0.062 for potassium). CONCLUSIONS: Biochemical monitoring in patients on RAS-inhibitors and use of GPAs in patients on NSAIDs is poorly performed at the Agogo Presbyterian Hospital in Ghana. Improving the already existing Ghanaian guidelines, especially those for RAS-inhibitors, and encouraging their widespread use among prescribers should be pursued.
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