Rheumatoid Arthritis Disadvantages Younger Patients for Cardiovascular Diseases: A Meta-Analysis
SourcePLoS One, 11, 6, (2016), article e0157360
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is increased in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. It remains unclear whether the load of RA increases cardiovascular (CV) risk especially in female and in younger RA patients. In the present study we aim to analyse the influence of age and gender on CV risk in RA relative to the general population, using meta-analysis of direct comparative studies. METHOD: Systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE for studies reporting on occurrence of CV events in RA as compared to the general population, stratified for gender and/or age. Quality was appraised using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Meta-analysis was performed on rate ratios using inverse variance methods. RESULTS: There were 1372 records screened and 13 studies included. RA females and males have a similar higher risk (95%CI) to develop stroke with RR 1.35 (1.30-1.40) and RR 1.31 (1.21-1.43); coronary artery disease with RR 1.65 (1.54-1.76) versus RR 1.55 ((1.41-1.69) in men; cardiovascular disease with RR 1.56 (1.49-1.62) versus 1.50 (1.41-1.60). The highest incidence of CV events was observed in the youngest patients, RR 2.59 (1.77-3.79), whereas older patients had the lowest relative risk when compared to the general population, RR 1.27 (1.16-1.38). CONCLUSION: The relative risk of RA patients for CVD is age dependent, but does not depend on gender: the relative risk on CVD appears to be equally raised for males and females, while relatively young RA patients (<50 years) have the highest, and older patients the lowest relative risk.
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