The effect of dipyridamole on the pharmacokinetics of metformin: a randomized crossover study in healthy volunteers
SourceEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 72, 6, (2016), pp. 725-30
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
IMM - Institute for Molecules and Materials
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: Concomitant treatment with the glucose-lowering drug metformin and the platelet aggregation inhibitor dipyridamole often occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who have suffered a cerebrovascular event. The gastrointestinal uptake of metformin is mediated by the human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 4 (ENT4), which is inhibited by dipyridamole in preclinical studies. We hypothesized that dipyridamole lowers the plasma exposure to metformin. METHODS: Eighteen healthy volunteers (mean age 23 years; 9 male) were randomized in an open-label crossover study. Subjects were allocated to treatment with metformin 500 mg twice daily in combination with dipyridamole slow-release 200 mg twice daily or to metformin alone for 4 days. After a washout period of 10 days, the volunteers were crossed over to the alternative treatment arm. Blood samples were collected during a 10-h period after intake of the last metformin dose. The primary endpoint was the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC0-12h) and the maximum plasma metformin concentration (C max). RESULTS: In healthy subjects, dipyridamole did not significantly affect Cmax nor AUC0-12h of metformin under steady-state conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Previous in vitro studies report that dipyridamole inhibits the ENT4 transporter that mediates gastrointestinal uptake of metformin. In contrast, co-administration of dipyridamole at therapeutic dosages to healthy volunteers does not have a clinically relevant effect on metformin plasma steady-state exposure. This observation is reassuring for patients who are treated with this combination of drugs.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.