An ECoG-based BCI based on auditory attention to natural speech
Cham : Springer International Publishing
InGuger, C.; Allison, B.; Ushiba, J. (ed.), Brain-computer interface research: A state-of-the-art summary 5, pp. 7-19
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SW OZ DCC AI
Guger, C.; Allison, B.; Ushiba, J. (ed.), Brain-computer interface research: A state-of-the-art summary 5
SubjectCognitive artificial intelligence; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 4: Brain Networks and Neuronal Communication
People affected by severe neuro-degenerative diseases (e.g., late-stage amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or locked-in syndrome) eventually lose all muscular control and are no longer able to gesture or speak. For this population, an auditory BCI is one of only a few remaining means of communication. All currently used auditory BCIs require a relatively artificial mapping between a stimulus and a communication output. This mapping is cumbersome to learn and use. Recent studies suggest electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals in the gamma band (i.e., 70-170 Hz) can be used to infer the identity of auditory speech stimuli, effectively removing the need to learn such an artificial mapping. However, BCI systems that use this physiological mechanism for communication purposes have not yet been described. In this study, we explore this possibility by implementing a BCI2000-based real-time system that uses ECoG signals to identify the attended speaker.
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