Repeated remote ischemic preconditioning and isoflurane anesthesia in an experimental model of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury
SourceBMC Anesthesiology, 17, (2017), article 14
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: In animal studies, remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) and anesthetic preconditioning are successful in reducing renal ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), however the protective effect of RIPC may be improved by repeating the RIPC stimulus. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent unilateral nephrectomy followed by 30 min of renal pedicle clamping. Animals were allocated into six groups: sham, control (IRI), RepISO (daily isoflurane anesthesia), RIPC (single dose isoflurane anesthesia and single dose RIPC), RepISO + RIPC (7-day isoflurane anesthesia and single dose RIPC) and RepISO + RepRIPC (7-day isoflurane anesthesia with 7-day RIPC). RIPC was applied by 3x5 min of cuff inflation on both thighs. Serum creatinine and urea levels were measured and histology was obtained at day two. RESULTS: RepISO diminished renal IRI, as reflected by a significant reduction in serum creatinine levels as compared to the control group, 170 +/- 74 resp. 107 +/- 29 mumol/L. The other preconditioning protocols showed similar reduction in serum creatinine levels as compared to the control group. No significant differences were observed between the different preconditioning protocols. For urea levels, only RepISO + RIPC resulted in significantly lower levels as compared to the control group, 14 +/- 4 resp. 22 +/- 7 mmol/L (p = 0.010). In the preconditioning groups only RepISO showed less histological damage as compared to controls 1.73 +/- 1.19 resp. 2.91 +/- 1.22 (p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: In this study no additional protective effect of repeated ischemic preconditioning was observed as compared to single dose RIPC. Repeated administration of isoflurane provided stronger protection against renal IRI as compared to single dose isoflurane.
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